Who Is This Article For?
This article is perfect for small business owners, marketing managers or directors, and anyone involved with the marketing strategy for your business.
Years ago, you looked in the Yellow Pages if you needed a local product or service.
Local businesses had a lot of success advertising in the phone book because it was common for people to look there first.
Times have changed.
87% of adults in the U.S. use the Internet regularly. 1
Over 2/3rds of U.S. adults have smartphones. 2
Hardly anyone opens up a phone book to look for a local business.
Searching on our computer or mobile phone is the most common way US adults currently find local businesses.
Your business has to be visible on search engines, or many of your potential customers will never see you…
They’ll see your competition instead, which can cost you a lot of customers.
Lack of time and information are the #1 reasons small businesses owners haven’t developed a good strategy for getting customers from search engines.
The goals of this article are:
- Give you the basic information you need to understand search engines
- Give you a list of important first steps to take next
- Show you how to get this done in less time
I don’t intend to tell you everything you need to do to rank your website.
That would be overwhelming.
I intend to give you enough information so that
- You are informed about your options
- You can be a key part of your high level strategy
- You can feel comfortable talking to or hiring an outside company to assist
Which Search Engines Are Most Important?
There are thousands of search engines online.
Don’t get overwhelmed…
Only three are important.
Why are they important?
Because your potential customers are using them to search for local businesses just like yours!
Open up your computer or mobile phone and chances are you’ll be using one of these three to search:
Google has been steady for years at about 2/3rds of market share. 3
Bing (Microsoft Sites) has risen slightly over the past few years up to almost 20%. 4
Yahoo is around 13%, and all other search engines split the remaining few percentage points. 5
You want your business to be visible on these three search engines, especially Google.
Google Search Results Page Example
It’s similar on Bing or Yahoo, but let’s use Google as an example.
Go to Google.com and enter a search.
Type in your city name and industry…
I live in Eau Claire, WI and imagine I’m looking for lawn care services.
I’ll type in eau claire wi lawn care.
You’ll see there are a few different areas to the search results page:
- Paid listings
- Local listings
- Natural listings
Google uses different factors to give the results for each section.
Your business needs to concentrate on different factors to rank in each section.
1. Paid Listing Ads
Ads are the only way to pay for placement on the Google search results page.
The ads have a small green box (used to be yellow) with the text: “Ad”.
The ads come up first at the top of the page.
Google ads are managed by signing up for a free Google Adwords account.
You can sign up with a credit card and enter a maximum daily budget. You will use your budget every time your ad is clicked. The amount used per ad click depends on factors in your account such as bid, quality score, and budget.
2. Local Listings
The next section shows a map and some results with addresses and directions.
You generally can’t buy a spot at the top of the local listings (although Promoted Pins are rolling out, which are paid ads that show in the local listings section).
Google has an algorithm with hundreds of factors that affect which businesses show up first.
These are the factors that affect local rankings the most:
- Reviews – There are many places online for your customers to review your business. This is includes your Google business listing, Facebook, Yelp, etc.
- Citations – A citation (don’t worry, it’s not bad) is an online reference to your business’s name, address and phone number (NAP). You have citation any time your business information is listed on another website. It is important that this information is up to date and correct. Which can be hard because you don’t control these other websites. Focus on the most important citations such as Yelp, Angie’s List, etc.
- Google My Business Listing – Google provides a free listing for every business in the U.S. You have to claim and verify ownership of this listing. Then you can add your business hours, phone number, address, and other important information.
There are hundreds of other factors that affect local rankings, that are similar to what you will learn in the next section to natural search results.
3. Natural Listings
The third type of search result listing are called “natural” or “organic” search results.
You can’t pay for these results, Google has an algorithm that calculates the results.
There are over 200 factors or “signals” that affect these results. It can get complicated and the details are out of scope for this article. So here is an overview of the most important parts:
There are two main areas to work on:
- A. On-site SEO – This includes everything under your control on your own website.
- B. Off-site SEO – This includes all the signals that come from other websites towards yours, that Google uses to calculate your rank.
A. On-site SEO
Your website has many signals that Google uses to determine what your website is about, and how it should rank for certain search terms.
- Website content – Relevant content on your website will help you rank for related search terms.
- Website structure – Page structure, linking structure
- Website tags – Title, meta, heading tags
B. Off-site SEO
There are many signals across the web that Google uses to calculate what your website is about, and how it should rank for certain search terms.
- Keyword Research
- Google Search Console – Formerly Google Webmaster Tools
- Avoid penalties
Your Goal – Dominate the Search Results
Now you should understand the three areas of the search results.
You should also understand the basic factors that determine your success.
And we know you want to be visible at the top of the search results page for your target searches.
But why stop with a first page ranking?
You can show up in multiple places on the first page and dominate the results.
What does that look like?
Let’s keep using the example of the search phrase, “eau claire wi lawn care”.
Let’s imagine that lawn care is our industry, and we have a business called Green Lawns, Inc.
How do we dominate the Google search results?
1. Set Up Paid Ads
The quickest way to get on the first page is to setup paid advertising with Google Adwords.
With enough budget, you will appear at the top of the page as an Ad. You will also show up at the bottom of the page, where there are usually a couple more Ads.
You can quickly set up ads to generate phone calls or store visits.
You can further improve your “conversion rate” by optimizing your campaign, improving your Quality Score, and setting up sales funnels.
2. Set Up Local
Claiming and verifying your Google My Business listing is the most important thing you can do for local rankings.
You should also get some customers to review you on Google, Facebook, Yelp, and other major review sites.
You should make sure that your business name, address, and phone number are used consistently across all the directories on the web.
3. Optimize Our Website
We want to make sure our website is optimized so search engines can crawl and index our content.
4. Create and Publish Quality Content
Publishing quality content is the single most important thing to focus on.
There are many technical details related to search engine optimization.
But there is nothing to optimize if you don’t start with quality content.
The difficult task is to create content that your target market will find:
Create quality content and Google will help connect you with people searching for that content.
5. Track & Improve
Use Google Analytics to track website traffic.
Search Traffic is Only the First Step
It is a common mistake to focus only on search engine rankings.
This is an important area for your business to be visible…
But it’s only the first step.
High rankings do not put money in the bank.
The next step is conversion. Your website and sales funnel must convert that traffic to customers.
The following links are excellent resources for learning more about the details of search engine marketing for small and local businesses.
- Google’s 200 Ranking Factors: The Complete List
- The 2015 Local Search Ranking Factors
- A Beginners Guide to Adjusting Bids on AdWords